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Europe Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Market Outlook 2017 - 2026

Europe Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Market Outlook 2017 ÷ 2026 - Single User

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This market report offers an incisive and reliable overview of the Europe net metering and self-consumption solar PV market for the period 2017 ÷ 2026...

Update: March, 2018
Format: 1 file(s) (PDF report) in English language and 1 file(s) in MS Excel with data from charts and tables
Author: Renewable Market WatchTM
Pages: 235
Report production №:
RMWIN34920181268
Delivery:
Up to 24 hours by e-mail
Subscription: In the report price is included subscription for 1 year period with 4 qurterly updates

  • This independent, 230+ page report of Renewable Market Watch™ analyzes the net metering and self-consumption supporting schemes for solar PV in 44 European countries. Through extensive research and discussions with experts in the industry, Renewable Market Watch™ has identified a series of market trends that will impact investment volume and solar PV capacity additions under net metering and self-consumption support schemes over the coming decade in Europe.

    Industry analysts of Renewable Market Watch™ used a complex array of research sources to better understand role of net metering and self-consumption solar PV systems and their application in European countries under different local regulations and support schemes. For this reason unique approach was applied in segmentation process to achieve and present better explanation of fundamental drivers and future dynamics behind the net metering and self-consumption solar PV market growth in Europe. Market was analyzed from eight main perspectives:

    1) Policy and Regulation. Support Schemes at Europe-wide and Country Level;
    2) Turn-key Solar Photovoltaic (PV) System Cost;
    3) Levelized Cost of Energy (LCOE) for Small Scale Residential and Commercial Solar Photovoltaic (PV)  Systems;
    4) Energy Storage Technologies and Solutions Development;
    5) Market Trends and Investment Volume in Net Metering and Self-consumption Solar Photovoltaic (PV);
    6) Energy Market and Electricity Grid Network. Transmission System Operators and Utilities;
    7) Smart Grid Technologies Development;
    8) Electric Vehicles and Charging Infrastructure Development

    This report is essential reading for you or anyone in with an interest in the fast growing net metering and self-consumption solar PV market in Europe, including investment trends overview, competitive landscape and forecasting how investment volume in this market will develop over the next ten years. This report provides a comparative analysis of existing mechanisms supporting the net metering and self-consumption of electricity in all European countries and highlights the challenges and opportunities associated to their developments. You will find also detailed explanation on how to classify net metering and self-consumption support schemes and what their characteristics are.

    There are four key drivers behind the continuing net-metering and self-consumption solar PV market growth in Europe, which is expected in the next decade. First one is the drastic reduction of feed-in tariffs in many countries. Therefore feed-in tariffs started to lose their power as driver of renewable energy growth since 2011 and this process will continue. The second one is grid parity, which is progressing and by 2026 not only sun-belt countries, but also a lot of countries with less solar irradiation will have grid parity. The third one is growth of the smart grid concept, market and services, which make it easier to integrate renewable energy systems for net-metering and self-consumption. The fourth one is growth of electric vehicles and related energy storage and charging infrastructure in Europe.

    Purchasing this report will aid your company’s ability to recognize important market opportunities and understand the possibilities for investment in this area. Author of this outlook, Renewable Market Watch™ has distinguished itself throughout the years by publishing unbiased reports on the development of global renewable energy markets. For your convenience we offer opportunity for orders with customized report content. Reasons to buy this market report are, but no limited to:

    • Solar resource potential in Europe
    • Over 170 charts, maps and tables
    • Profiles of 44 countries
    • Market shares of manufacturers of solar PV modules, inverters and mounting systems
    • Historical market data provided from 2006 to 2017 and forecasts until 2026
    • Overview of European net metering and self-consumption photovoltaic (solar PV) market development 2006 ÷ 2026 by countries
    • Development scenario of European net metering and self-consumption photovoltaic (solar PV) market until 2026 by countries
    • Prosumer and Net Metering models, incentives and regulatory framework
    • Attractiveness indices and comparative analysis for net metering and self-consumption photovoltaic (solar PV) investments in Europe
    • SWOT Analysis (detailed in 5 pages)
    • Overview of Europe legal and regulatory framework for Renewable Energy Sources (RES) generation for net metering and self-consumption solar PV energy by countries
    • Project developers, EPC services providers and Consultants in Europe
    • Comprehensive review of smart grid development in Europe
    • omprehensive review of electric vehicles and related charging infrastructure development in Europe
    • Investment potential and opportunities

    At next pages you will see the full table of content of this report. To order this report just click on the button "ADD TO CART". Table of contents is referential and may vary upon report updates. If you have any other questions or data requests please do not hesitate to call us on ++44 203 60 80 138 or write an e-mail to orders@renewablemarketwatch.com


  • 1.    METHODOLOGY    12
    1.1.    Methodology    12
    1.2.    Limitations    14
    2.    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY    15
    2.1.    Primary Solar Resource Availability    15
    2.2.    RES Policies and Targets    15
    2.3.    Risks Associated with Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Projects    ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………16
    2.4.    Future Market Trends    16
    3.    WHAT IS NET METERING AND SELF-CONSUMTPION    17
    4.    EUROPEAN UNION RENEWABLE ENERGY POLICY LANDSCAPE    18
    4.1.    Renewable Energy Sources (RES) Regulations and EU Directives Affecting European Countries    18
    4.1.1.    Precedent EU Regulations    18
    4.2.    Renewable Energy Mandatory Targets for European Countries set out by the European Commission (EC)    19
    4.2.1.    Interim Targets set out by the EU    20
    4.2.2.    National Support Schemes Flexibility Allowed by the EU and Progress Reporting    20
    4.3.    Energy Community (EC) Treaty    21
    4.4.    EU 2030 Framework for Climate and Energy Policies    22
    4.5.    European Union Energy Roadmap 2050    25
    4.6.    NATURA 2000 Network    27
    4.7.    EU Antidumping Duties and Restrictions Against Chinese Solar PV Modules    28
    4.8.    Guidance of EU Commission for State Intervention in Electricity Markets    31
    5.    EUROPE ENERGY MARKET    36
    5.1.    General Electricity Market Information    36
    5.2.    Solar Photovoltaic (PV) in the Energy Sector    44
    5.3.    Single Electricity Market in European Union (EU)    48
    6.    EUROPE SOLAR RESOURCE POTENTIAL AND MAPPING    50
    7.    GLOBAL SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) ENERGY MARKET    52
    7.1.    Solar PV Modules and Solar PV Systems Cost    52
    7.2.    Market Overview    56
    7.3.    Future Development Trends    60
    8.    EUROPE SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MARKET    63
    9.    EUROPE NET METERING AND SELF-CONSUMPTION SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MARKET    70
    9.1.    Market Overview    70
    9.2.    Future Development Trends    71
    10.    COUNTRY PROFILES    74
    10.1.    ALBANIA    74
    10.2.    ARMENIA    76
    10.3.    AUSTRIA    78
    10.4.    AZERBAIJAN    81
    10.5.    BELARUS    83
    10.6.    BELGIUM    85
    10.7.    BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA    89
    10.8.    BULGARIA    92
    10.9.    CROATIA    94
    10.10.    CYPRUS    98
    10.11.    CZECH REPUBLIC    101
    10.12.    DENMARK    104
    10.13.    ESTONIA    107
    10.14.    FINLAND    109
    10.15.    FRANCE    111
    10.16.    GEORGIA    113
    10.17.    GERMANY    115
    10.18.    GREECE    118
    10.19.    HUNGARY    122
    10.20.    IRELAND    125
    10.21.    ITALY    127
    10.22.    KAZAKHSTAN    129
    10.23.    KOSOVO    131
    10.24.    LATVIA    133
    10.25.    LITHUANIA    135
    10.26.    MACEDONIA (FYROM)    138
    10.27.    MALTA    140
    10.28.    MOLDOVA    142
    10.29.    MONTENEGRO    144
    10.30.    NETHERLANDS    146
    10.31.    NORWAY    149
    10.32.    POLAND    151
    10.33.    PORTUGAL    154
    10.34.    ROMANIA    158
    10.35.    RUSSIA    160
    10.36.    SERBIA    162
    10.37.    SLOVAK REPUBLIC (SLOVAKIA)    164
    10.38.    SLOVENIA    167
    10.39.    SPAIN    170
    10.40.    SWEDEN    173
    10.41.    SWITZERLAND    176
    10.42.    TURKEY    179
    10.43.    UKRAINE    182
    10.44.    UNITED KINGDOM    186
    11.    COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF SUPPORT SCHEMES FOR NET METERING SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) ENERGY IN EUROPE. FEED-IN TARIFFS AND GREEN CERTIFICATES    190
    12.    COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF MANDATORY RENEWABLE ENERGY CAPACITY GENERATION TARGETS IN EUROPE    191
    13.    ELECTRICITY GRID NETWORK IN EUROPE    193
    13.1.    Transmission System Operators (TSO’s)    193
    13.2.    Distribution System Operators (DSO’s)    197
    13.3.    Grid Connection Constraints    202
    14.    SMART GRID DEVELOPMENT IN EUROPE AS A KEY FACTOR FOR NET METERING SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MARKET GROWTH    203
    14.1.    Smart Grid and Super Smart Grid Concept    203
    14.2.    Smart Grid Support Initiatives in European Countries    205
    15. ELECTRIC VEHICLES AND CHARGING INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT IN EUROPE AS A KEY FACTOR FOR NET METERING SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MARKET GROWTH
    15.1.    Electric Vehicles Development in Europe    207
    15.2.    Electric Vehicles Charging Infrastructure Development in Europe    208
    16.    COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE. PROJECT DEVELOPERS AND INVESTORS IN EUROPE NET METERING AND SELF-CONSUMPTION SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MARKET    209
    17.    COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE. EPC COMPANIES, EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURERS, SMART METER VENDORS AND CONSULTANTS IN EUROPE NET METERING AND SELF-CONSUMPTION SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MARKET    212
    18.    SWOT ANALYSIS OF EUROPE NET METERING AND SELF-CONSUMPTION SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MARKET    216
    19.    RISKS ABOUT INVESTMENTS IN EUROPE NET METERING AND SELF-CONSUMPTION SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MARKET    220
    20.    INVESTMENT TRENDS, POTENTIAL AND OPPORTUNITIES IN EUROPE NET METERING AND SELF-CONSUMPTION SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MARKET    224
    21.    CONCLUSIONS    227
    22.    LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS    229
    23.    REFERENCES    233
    24.    DISCLAIMER    234
    APPENDIX I. SOLAR MAPS OF EUROPE    235


  • MAP 1: Transmission Grids System Map of Europe2017    36
    MAP 2: Exchange Balance of Physical Energy Flow Values in TWh in Europe and Evolution between 2016 and 2017    37
    MAP 3: Share of Renewables from Electricity Consumption in Europe, 2017 (in %)     41
    MAP 4: Solar Resource Potential of Europe    49
    MAP 5: The European Network of Transmission System Operators (TSO’s) for Electricity 2017    191
    MAP 6: Map of RWE Group Operations in Europe    197
    MAP 7: Map of CEZ Group Operations in Europe    198
    MAP 8: Smart Grid Projects Map in Europe 2016    205
    MAP 9: Solar irradiation and solar electricity potential for optimally inclined photovoltaic modules in Europe    233
    MAP 10: Solar irradiation and solar electricity potential for horizontally mounted photovoltaic modules in Europe

    Chart 1: Average Base Load Electricity Price in Selected European Countries (€/MWh): 2008 - 2017; Renewable Market WatchTM    41
    Chart 2: Forecast for RES Generation Capacity by Source Type in the EU to 2020 and 2030 (in GW)    44
    Chart 3: New Installed and Decommissioned Power Capacity by Source Type in the EU in 2017 (MW)    46
    Chart 4: Share of New Power Generation Capacities Added in the EU 28 in 2017 (MW)    47
    Chart 5: Annual Installed Power Generating Capacity (MW) and Renewable Share (in %) 2000 – 2017 in the EU, WindEurope    48
    Chart 6: Net Installed and Decommissioned Power Generation Capacity in the EU 28 for 2017 (GW)    48
    Chart 7: Historical and Forecasted Utility Solar PV System Pricing ($/W) 2013 ÷ 2022    54
    Chart 8: Average Turn-Key Rooftop Solar PV System Price in Germany 2007 – 2017 (in EUR/KWp); Source: RENEWABLE MARKET WATCHTM    56
    Chart 9: World Installed Renewable Energy Capacity 2012 - 2040 in GW    62
    Chart 10: Global Cumulative Installed Photovoltaic (Solar PV) capacity 2006 ÷ 2026 in MW    62
    Chart 11: Global Rooftop Solar PV Development Scenario 2012 - 2026    63
    Chart 12: European Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Cumulative Capacity Segmentation by Country in 2017 in %    67
    Chart 13: European Annual Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Market Forecast 2006 - 2026 (in MW), Renewable Market Watch    68
    Chart 14: Cumulative Development Forecast of Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Europe 2006 - 2026 (in MW), including estimates    71
    Chart 15: Cumulative Investment Volume Forecast in Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Europe 2006 - 2026 (in Millions EUR), including estimates    72
    Chart 16: Cumulative Development Forecast of Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Albania 2006 - 2026 (in MW), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM;    74
    Chart 17: Cumulative Investment Volume in Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Albania 2006 - 2026 (in Millions EUR), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM    75
    Chart 18: Cumulative Development Forecast of Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Armenia 2006 - 2026 (in MW), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM    76
    Chart 19: Cumulative Investment Volume in Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Armenia 2006 - 2026 (in Millions EUR), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     77
    Chart 20: Cumulative Development Forecast of Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Austria 2006 - 2026 (in MW), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     79
    Chart 21: Cumulative Investment Volume in Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Austria 2006 - 2026 (in Millions EUR), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     80
    Chart 22: Cumulative Development Forecast of Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Azerbaijan 2006 - 2026 (in MW), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     81
    Chart 23: Cumulative Investment Volume in Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Azerbaijan 2006 - 2026 (in Millions EUR), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     82
    Chart 24: Cumulative Development Forecast of Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy Capacity in Belarus 2006 - 2026 (in MW), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     83
    Chart 25: Cumulative Investment Volume in Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Belarus 2006 - 2026 (in Millions EUR), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     84
    Chart 26: Cumulative Development Forecast of Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Belgium 2006 - 2026 (in MW), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     86
    Chart 27: Cumulative Investment Volume in Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Belgium 2006 - 2026 (in Millions EUR), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     88
    Chart 28: Cumulative Development Forecast of Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Bosnia and Herzegovina 2006 - 2026 (in MW), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM    90
    Chart 29: Cumulative Investment Volume in Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Bosnia and Herzegovina 2006 - 2026 (in Millions EUR), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     91
    Chart 30: Cumulative Development Forecast of Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Bulgaria 2006 - 2026 (in MW), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM    93
    Chart 31: Cumulative Investment Volume in Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Bulgaria 2006 - 2026 (in Millions EUR), including estimates    93
    Chart 32: Cumulative Development Forecast of Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Croatia 2006 - 2026 (in MW), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM    96
    Chart 33: Cumulative Investment Volume in Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Croatia 2006 - 2026 (in Millions EUR), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM    97
    Chart 34: Cumulative Development Forecast of Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Cyprus 2006 - 2026 (in MW), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM    99
    Chart 35: Cumulative Investment Volume in Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Cyprus 2006 - 2026 (in Millions EUR), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     100
    Chart 36: Cumulative Development Forecast of Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Czech Republic 2006 - 2026 (in MW), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM    102
    Chart 37: Cumulative Investment Volume in Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Czech Republic 2006 - 2026 (in Millions EUR), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     103
    Chart 38: Cumulative Development Forecast of Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Denmark 2006 - 2026 (in MW), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     104
    Chart 39: Cumulative Investment Volume in Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Denmark 2006 - 2026 (in Millions EUR), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     106
    Chart 40: Cumulative Development Forecast of Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Estonia 2006 - 2026 (in MW), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     107
    Chart 41: Cumulative Investment Volume in Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Estonia 2006 - 2026 (in Millions EUR), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     108
    Chart 42: Cumulative Development Forecast of Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Finland 2006 - 2026 (in MW), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     109
    Chart 43: Cumulative Investment Volume in Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Finland 2006 - 2026 (in Millions EUR), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     110
    Chart 44: Cumulative Development Forecast of Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in France 2006 - 2026 (in MW), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     111
    Chart 45: Cumulative Investment Volume in Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in France 2006 - 2026 (in Millions EUR), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     112
    Chart 46: Cumulative Development Forecast of Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Georgia 2006 - 2026 (in MW), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     113
    Chart 47: Cumulative Investment Volume in Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Georgia 2006 - 2026 (in Millions EUR), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     114
    Chart 48: Cumulative Development Forecast of Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Germany 2006 - 2026 (in MW), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     115
    Chart 49: Cumulative Investment Volume in Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Germany 2006 - 2026 (in Millions EUR), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     117
    Chart 50: Cumulative Development Forecast of Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Greece 2006 - 2026 (in MW), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     120
    Chart 51: Cumulative Investment Volume in Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Greece 2006 - 2026 (in Millions EUR), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM    121
    Chart 52: Cumulative Development Forecast of Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Hungary 2006 - 2026 (in MW), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM    122
    Chart 53: Cumulative Investment Volume in Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Hungary 2006 - 2026 (in Millions EUR), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     124
    Chart 54: Cumulative Development Forecast of Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Ireland 2006 - 2026 (in MW), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     125
    Chart 55: Cumulative Investment Volume in Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Ireland 2006 - 2026 (in Millions EUR), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     126
    Chart 56: Cumulative Development Forecast of Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Italy 2006 - 2026 (in MW), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     128
    Chart 57: Cumulative Investment Volume in Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Italy 2006 - 2026 (in Millions EUR), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     128
    Chart 58: Cumulative Development Forecast of Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Kazakhstan 2006 - 2026 (in MW), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     129
    Chart 59: Cumulative Investment Volume in Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Kazakhstan 2006 - 2026 (in Millions EUR), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     130
    Chart 60: Cumulative Development Forecast of Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Kosovo 2006 - 2026 (in MW), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM    131
    Chart 61: Cumulative Investment Volume in Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Kosovo 2006 - 2026 (in Millions EUR), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     132
    Chart 62: Cumulative Development Forecast of Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Latvia 2006 - 2026 (in MW), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     134
    Chart 63: Cumulative Investment Volume in Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Latvia 2006 - 2026 (in Millions EUR), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     134
    Chart 64: Cumulative Development Forecast of Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Lithuania 2006 - 2026 (in MW), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     135
    Chart 65: Cumulative Investment Volume in Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Lithuania 2006 - 2026 (in Millions EUR), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     136
    Chart 66: Cumulative Development Forecast of Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Macedonia 2006 - 2026 (in MW), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM    139
    Chart 67: Cumulative Investment Volume in Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Macedonia 2006 - 2026 (in Millions EUR), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM    139
    Chart 68: Cumulative Development Forecast of Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Malta 2006 - 2026 (in MW), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM    140
    Chart 69: Cumulative Investment Volume in Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Malta 2006 - 2026 (in Millions EUR), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM    141
    Chart 70: Cumulative Development Forecast of Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Moldova 2006 - 2026 (in MW), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     142
    Chart 71: Cumulative Investment Volume in Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Moldova 2006 - 2026 (in Millions EUR), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     143
    Chart 72: Cumulative Development Forecast of Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Montenegro 2006 - 2026 (in MW), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     144
    Chart 73: Cumulative Investment Volume in Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Montenegro 2006 - 2026 (in Millions EUR), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM    145
    Chart 74: Cumulative Development Forecast of Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Netherlands 2006 - 2026 (in MW), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     147
    Chart 75: Cumulative Investment Volume in Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Netherlands 2006 - 2026 (in Millions EUR), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     148
    Chart 76: Cumulative Development Forecast of Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Norway 2006 - 2026 (in MW), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     150
    Chart 77: Cumulative Investment Volume in Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Norway 2006 - 2026 (in Millions EUR), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     150
    Chart 78: Cumulative Development Forecast of Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Poland 2006 - 2026 (in MW), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM    151
    Chart 79: Cumulative Investment Volume in Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Poland 2006 - 2026 (in Millions EUR), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM    153
    Chart 80: Cumulative Development Forecast of Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Portugal 2006 - 2026 (in MW), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     154
    Chart 81: Cumulative Investment Volume in Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Portugal 2006 - 2026 (in Millions EUR), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     156
    Chart 82: Cumulative Development Forecast of Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Romania 2006 - 2026 (in MW), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM    158
    Chart 83: Cumulative Investment Volume in Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Romania 2006 - 2026 (in Millions EUR), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     159
    Chart 84: Cumulative Development Forecast of Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Russia 2006 - 2026 (in MW), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     160
    Chart 85: Cumulative Investment Volume in Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Russia 2006 - 2026 (in Millions EUR), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     161
    Chart 86: Cumulative Development Forecast of Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Serbia 2006 - 2026 (in MW), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     162
    Chart 87: Cumulative Investment Volume in Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Serbia 2006 - 2026 (in Millions EUR), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     163
    Chart 88: Cumulative Development Forecast of Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Slovakia 2006 - 2026 (in MW), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM    164
    Chart 89: Cumulative Investment Volume in Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Slovakia 2006 - 2026 (in Millions EUR), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     166
    Chart 90: Cumulative Development Forecast of Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Slovenia 2006 - 2026 (in MW), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     167
    Chart 91: Cumulative Investment Volume in Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Slovenia 2006 - 2026 (in Millions EUR), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM    169
    Chart 92: Cumulative Development Forecast of Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Spain 2006 - 2026 (in MW), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     170
    Chart 93: Cumulative Investment Volume in Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Spain 2006 - 2026 (in Millions EUR), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     172
    Chart 94: Cumulative Development Forecast of Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Sweden 2006 - 2026 (in MW), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     173
    Chart 95: Cumulative Investment Volume in Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Sweden 2006 - 2026 (in Millions EUR), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     175
    Chart 96: Cumulative Development Forecast of Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Switzerland 2006 - 2026 (in MW), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     176
    Chart 97: Cumulative Investment Volume in Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Switzerland 2006 - 2026 (in Millions EUR), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     178
    Chart 98: Cumulative Development Forecast of Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Turkey 2006 - 2026 (in MW), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     179
    Chart 99: Cumulative Investment Volume in Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Turkey 2006 - 2026 (in Millions EUR), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM    181
    Chart 100: Cumulative Development Forecast of Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Ukraine 2006 - 2026 (in MW), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     182
    Chart 101: Cumulative Investment Volume in Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in Ukraine 2006 - 2026 (in Millions EUR), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM    185
    Chart 102: Cumulative Development Forecast of Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in the United Kingdom 2006 - 2026 (in MW), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     186
    Chart 103: Cumulative Investment Volume in Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar PV Capacity in the United Kingdom 2006 - 2026 (in Millions EUR), including estimates; Renewable Market WatchTM     189
    Chart 104: Mandatory Capacity Generation Targets for Share of Renewable Energies in the European Union (EU) Countries by 2020    191
    Chart 105: Forecast for Total Net Generation Capacity in the EU by Source Type by 2030    196
    Chart 106: Smart Grid Model Concept    204
    Chart 107: Cumulative Number of Smart Grid Projects in Selected European countries Compared to Average EU number and Budget Invested (in € million), 2002 ÷ 2016    205
    Chart 108: Cumulative Budget (in € million) of Smart Grid Projects per Smart Grid Application in Selected European countries Compared to Average EU Numbers, 2016    206
    Chart 109: Number of Electric Vehicles in Europe 2006 – 2026, including estimates   207
    Chart 110: Number of Charging Stations (Points) for Electric Vehicles in Europe 2006 – 2026, including estimates   208
    Chart 111: Countries and regions with Grid Parity    237


    Table 1: Crystalline Module Price Trend in 2017    54
    Table 2: Top 10 Countries by Newly Installed Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Capacity in MW in 2017    59
    Table 3: Support Schemes for Renewable Energy Sources (RES) Generation in Europe    64
    Table 4: European Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Markets Split 2009 - 2017 (in MW and GW)    65
    Table 5: Feed-in-tariffs and Net Metering Support Scheme for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy in Albania    75
    Table 6: Feed-in-tariffs and Net Metering Support Scheme for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy in Armenia    76
    Table 7: Feed-in-tariffs and Net Metering Support Scheme for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy in Austria    78
    Table 8: Feed-in-tariffs and Net Metering Support Scheme for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy in Azerbaijan    82
    Table 9: Feed-in-tariffs and Net Metering Support Scheme for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy in Belarus; Renewable Market WatchTM    84
    Table 10: Feed-in-tariffs and Net Metering Support Scheme for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy in Belgium    85
    Table 11: Net Metering Subsidies for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy in Belgium    88
    Table 12: Feed-in-tariffs and Net Metering Support Scheme for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy in Bosnia and Herzegovina    89
    Table 13: Feed-in-tariffs and Net Metering Support Scheme for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy in Bulgaria    92
    Table 14: Feed-in-tariffs and Net Metering Support Scheme for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy in Croatia    95
    Table 15: Feed-in-tariffs and Net Metering Support Scheme for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy in Cyprus    98
    Table 16: Feed-in-tariffs and Net Metering Support Scheme for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy in Czech Republic    101
    Table 17: Feed-in-tariffs and Net Metering Support Scheme for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy in Denmark    106
    Table 18: Feed-in-tariffs and Net Metering Support Scheme for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy in Estonia; Renewable Market WatchTM    108
    Table 19: Feed-in-tariffs and Net Metering Support Scheme for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy in Finland    110
    Table 20: Feed-in-tariffs and Net Metering Support Scheme for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy in France    112
    Table 21: Feed-in-tariffs and Net Metering Support Scheme for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy in Georgia    113
    Table 22: Feed-in-tariffs and Net Metering Support Scheme for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy in Germany    117
    Table 23: Feed-in-tariffs and Net Metering Support Scheme for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy in Greece    118
    Table 24: Feed-in-tariffs and Net Metering Support Scheme for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy in Greece    119
    Table 25: Feed-in-tariffs and Net Metering Support Scheme for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy in Hungary    123
    Table 26: Feed-in-tariffs and Net Metering Support Scheme for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy in Ireland    125
    Table 27: Feed-in-tariffs and Net Metering Support Scheme for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy in Italy    127
    Table 28: Feed-in-tariffs and Net Metering Support Scheme for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy in Kazakhstan    130
    Table 29: Feed-in-tariffs and Net Metering Support Scheme for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy in Kosovo    132
    Table 30: Feed-in-tariffs and Net Metering Support Scheme for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy in Latvia    133
    Table 31: Feed-in-tariffs and Net Metering Support Scheme for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy in Lithuania    136
    Table 32: Feed-in-tariffs and Net Metering Support Scheme for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy in FYR of Macedonia    138
    Table 33: Feed-in-tariffs and Net Metering Support Scheme for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy in Malta    141
    Table 34: Feed-in-tariffs and Net Metering Support Scheme for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy in Moldova    143
    Table 35: Feed-in-tariffs and Net Metering Support Scheme for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy in Montenegro    145
    Table 36: Feed-in-tariffs and Net Metering Support Scheme for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy in Netherlands    147
    Table 37: Feed-in-tariffs and Net Metering Support Scheme for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy in Norway    149
    Table 38: Feed-in-tariffs and Net Metering Support Scheme for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy in Poland    153
    Table 39: Feed-in-tariffs and Net Metering Support Scheme for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy in Portugal    155
    Table 40: Green certificates, Feed-in-tariffs and Net Metering Support Scheme for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy in Romania    159
    Table 41: Feed-in-tariffs and Net Metering Support Scheme for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy in Russia    161
    Table 42: Feed-in-tariffs and Net Metering Support Scheme for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy in Serbia    163
    Table 43: Feed-in-tariffs and Net Metering Support Scheme for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy in Slovakia    165
    Table 44: Feed-in-tariffs and Net Metering Support Scheme for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy in Slovenia    169
    Table 45: Feed-in-tariffs and Net Metering Support Scheme for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy in Spain    171
    Table 46: Feed-in-tariffs and Net Metering Support Scheme for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy in Sweden; Renewable Market WatchTM     175
    Table 47: Feed-in-tariffs and Net Metering Support Scheme for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy in Switzerland    177
    Table 48: Feed-in-tariffs and Net Metering Support Scheme for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy in Turkey    180
    Table 49: Additional Incentives to Feed-in-tariffs for Electricity from Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy Sources in Turkey for Domestic Procurement    181
    Table 50: Feed-in-tariffs and Net Metering Support Scheme for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy in Ukraine    183
    Table 51: Local Content Requirements for Renewable Power Plants in Ukraine    184
    Table 52: Feed-in-tariffs and Net Metering Support Scheme for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy in the United Kingdom    188
    Table 53: Support Schemes for Net Metering and Self-Consumption Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Energy in Selected European Countries. Comparative Analysis 2017    190
    Table 54: Grid Connection and Access Regimes in the European Union (EU), 2017    194
    Table 55: List of TSO's in Selected European Countries, 2017    196

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